Jan Chetana seeks to ensure the rights of underprivileged groups by educating them about their rights. Jan Chetana focuses broadly on improving access to education, encouraging small-scale businesses, preventing environmental contamination, improving health, and promoting sustainable agriculture. Their environmental work includes tree planting, reforestation, water harvesting, and legal rights awareness. Jan Chetana has used right to information requests and public hearings to push for more inclusive environmental decision-making. In 2014, Ramesh Agrawal, the founder of Jan Chetana, won the Goldman Environmental Prize for his activism against environmentally destructive industrial projects.