The Access Initiative



Environmental Democracy Index Score

Peru scored well on the Transparency, Participation, and Justice pillars. For the Transparency pillar, the government must proactively disclose environmental information to the public. The law also establishes the right to access environmental information on request. Peru also scored well on the Participation pillar because the public can participate in all projects, permitting, licensing, and other environmental decisions, and the government must proactively seek public input on most environmental decisions. However, only a few laws assessed require relevant information to be understandable to the public concerned. Peruvian laws establish broad legal standing for environmental cases and give the public the right to challenge government or private-sector actors on environmental grounds. However, there are no assistance mechanisms to address financial and gender-based barriers to justice, and no review procedures that apply to the implementation and enforcement of environmental laws. The EDI assessment for Peru reveals that important steps have been taken to protect environmental democracy. 

Visit the Environmental Democracy Index to explore the EDI score.

The TAI Peru coalition has focused on a range of issues, including the lack of consultation of indigenous people, which is the source of a series of social conflicts. The Sociedad Peruana de Derecho Ambiental (SPDA) has been an active participant in meetings convened by public entities and by civil society on the issues of public participation with an emphasis on indigenous groups.

The TAI Paraguay coalition is led by the Sociedad Peruana de Derecho Ambiental (SPDA), a non-profit organization that promotes the effective implementation of environmental law and policies, participating actively in political and technical dialogue and in particular situations, taking action in the defense of citizen rights. SPDA works around three major themes: natural heritage, law and governance and environmental justice.

Peru carried out its first TAI assessment in 2005. In 2009, the TAI Peru coalition hosted a regional meeting with TAI members from throughout Latin America and the Caribbean. Since then, the Peru coalition has remained active in regional work, especially the Principle 10 process for Latin America and the Caribbean.